Cross Curricular Competencies (Attributes) - Overview
Cross-Curricular Student Competencies/Attributes
A recent trend in curriculum design and education program planning is the development of statements or descriptions of the essential knowledge, attitudes and skills (often called competencies or attributes) that are to be taught to, learned or acquired by all students across all subjects and in different aspects of their schooling. These competencies or attributes are intended to frame or guide the development of intended student learning outcomes (curricula) and the pedagogies (models, teaching and learning strategies), student assessment criteria and practices and the initial education and ongoing development of teachers and other educators. However, the experience and evidence on how countries can effectively use their competency statements to achieve those types of alignments is very new. Globally, there are several versions of these cross-curricular or over-arching competency models and many countries have developed their own statements. Many of these versions draw from different Learning-Behaviour Models (LBMs). The assessment of student acquisition of these competencies is also very new, with most work being focused on evaluating progress on one or a few competencies. These competencies can be developed and assessed within each subject/discipline. However, to date, there has been little effort to do so within subjects and most assessments are being done through stand-alone student assessments. The current crop of competency statements has largely ignored health, personal and social development and have focused on competencies related to employment and the ability to learn, innovate and communicate.
This summary was first posted in December 2020 as a "first draft" version. The following individuals or organizations have contributed to the development of this topic.We encourage readers to submit comments or suggested edits by posting a comment on the Mini-blog & Discussion Page for this section or posting a comment below:
This summary was first posted in June 2012. Currently it has been posted as an "excerpt/adaptation", "first draft" or "revised draft" and "first or revised edition" version. The following individuals or organizations have contributed to the development of this topic.
We encourage readers to submit comments or suggested edits by posting a comment on the Mini-blog & Discussion Page for this section or posting a comment below:
Cross-Curricular Competency Frameworks (CCCFS)
Cross-Curricular Competency Frameworks (CCCFs) have been developed by several global organizations and many countries in the last two decades. They represent an attempt by policymakers to define an essential set of learning outcomes for all students within their jurisdiction. Often, these frameworks must be superimposed on existing curricula since many curriculum documents are over ten years old and will predate the development of the CCCF.
CCCFs cut across all subjects and through extended educational opportunities in the jurisdiction. There is a difference of opinion as to whether the competencies are universal or context dependent. Some say that these competencies cannot be taught, but they can be learned, nurtured or acquired through experience. Others argue that, in school, competencies are more easily taught, learned and measured within established bodies of knowledge (i.e. subjects). Read the complete Handbook Section summary here.
Due to the length of Handbook Sections (similar to a book chapter) prepared for this web site and knowledge exchange program, we post these documents as separate documents. Click on this web link to access the draft or completed version on this topic. Please come back to this page to post any comments or suggestions.
This summary was first posted in June 2020. Currently it has been posted as a"first draft" version. The following individuals or organizations have contributed to the development of this topic. We encourage readers to submit comments or suggested edits by posting a comment on the Mini-blog & Discussion Page for this section or posting a comment below:
Key research, reports and resources on this topic are highlighted below. Many of the topics in this web site also have extensive bibliographies/toolboxes (BTs) published as separate documents. Click on this web link to access the full version of our Bibliography/Toolbox on this topic. These lists use our outline for these collections that we have developed over several years of curating these materials.
This Section: Common Topics or Terms
For updates and reader comments on this section, go to our Mini-Blog on Common Topics & Terms
Here is our list of topics and sub-topics for this section:
- Introduction & Overview
- Education Equity, Inclusion & Success
- Staff Wellness
- Student Conduct & Discipline
- Engaging/Empowering Youth
- Parent Participation
- Community Involvement/Ownership
- Learning/Behaviour Models (LBMs)
- Behaviour & Learning Theories
- Government/Inter-Sector Actions/Levers